The three primary colors on the color wheel are red, blue and yellow. The reason why they are called primary colors is because these three colors cannot be created by mixing any colors. Primary colors are the basic colors that are used to make other colors. In a nutshell, you can call these three primary colors as the building blocks for producing other colors.
The best part about these colors is that they produce different colors and no two combinations, when they are mixed, will produce the same results. Many artists prefer cadmium red medium, cadmium yellow light and cobalt blue as the three primary colors in the color wheel.
Aforementioned, either of the three primary colors that is, red, blue and yellow when mixed together can produce different results every single time, and that is the most interesting part about mixing two primary colors. You could also do with the basic magenta, cyan or cobalt but these three would not produce rich outcome in terms of texture when it comes to mixing with a dark color such as black – these subtle differences add a great distinction in the end results.
Many professional artists prefer using cadmium red medium, cadmium yellow light and cobalt blue as the primary colors. However, it is mostly dependent on the perception of the painter, when they choose to paint. Else, if you are looking to buy a painting online or want to order some custom made paintings, you can visit instapainting.
The Pigments On The Colour Wheel
By now you must have understood that when you mix two primary colors in equal concentration, it creates a secondary color. So when you mix yellow with blue, it will give you the secondary color green. Likewise, if you mix the color red with blue it would create the secondary color purple, or if you mix yellow with red it will give you the color orange. However, what you need to ensure in this is that the concentration of the two primary colors in the mixture has to be balanced out.
When you mix a primary color in equal amount with a shade of secondary color it gives you what you call a ‘tertiary color’. For example, if you mix yellow with orange in equal concentration it will give produce a yellowish-orange. In this mixture, the concentration of yellow will be more, since yellow is the primary color here.
Additional Primary Colour Mixing
Primary colors subtracts the light of the secondary colors. Hence they are called subtractive because they subtract or absorb the light from the spectrum visible. In this case, black is the only color which has no spectrum of light in it.
When you mix the three primary colors – yellow, red, blue – are mixed together it will produce an earthy brown color which absorbs most of the light from the spectrum. When you are mixing one primary color with a secondary color and you want to tone down the darkness of the primary color in it, you could add more quantity of secondary color to the concentration to tone lighten out the mix.
Every time you mix two different primary colors, it will produce a different secondary color. For example, if you mix a cadmium red with cadmium yellow light, it will produce an orange. The amount of yellow and red you use in the concentration, will affect the hue of the secondary color that comes out as a result of the mixture.
Crimson Red is a cool red that is more inclined towards blue, whereas cadmium red medium is a warm red, that is more inclined towards yellow. Similarly, cadmium yellow medium is a warm yellow, whereas lemon yellow is cooler. On these lines, if you mix, say, cadmium yellow with cadmium red you will be mixing two warm colors together to produce a purer orange.
However, if you mix a cooler color such as cadmium yellow medium as compared to a warm color such as crimson red, you will produce a primary blue which will neutralize the effect of the secondary color to a considerable extent.
Understanding the spectrum of colours on the colour wheel and knowing the subtle difference between two shades in intrinsic to an artist. To add to this, understanding how to balance out a concentration of two colours is also important so that you get desirable results in your painting. If you have any queries with regard to this article, please share with us in the comment section below.